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Updated: February 21, 2023

Social and Demographic Concerns


SOCIAL SECTOR AND DEMOGRAPHY are closely related because the demographic composition of a population has significant implications for the social sector. The social sector refers to the part of society that is focused on the well-being of individuals and communities, including organizations and institutions involved in education, health care, social services, and other similar areas.

Sectoral Studies. Sectoral studies are important in the preparation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) for cities and municipalities - such as that for the Municipality of Rosario, Batangas approved in 2020 - because although the latter is closely associated with physical development planning, it is actually a manifestation of the social, economic, cultural, environmental, political, and other values of the locality/community.

Demography. Definitions of demography from various sources can be found in Sociology Discussion. Literally translated from the Greek language, the term demography means description of the people. More broadly, demography is the study of the characteristics of human populations, including factors such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. These demographic factors can have a significant impact on the social sector. 

Impact on Social Sector. For example, the aging of a population can lead to increased demand for healthcare services and social services for the elderly. Similarly, changes in the demographic composition of a population, such as shifts in immigration patterns, can impact the demand for social services and education.

Shaping Demographic Trends. In addition to the impact of demographics on the social sector, the social sector can also play a role in shaping demographic trends. For example, education and healthcare interventions can improve health outcomes and increase access to opportunities, which can lead to changes in fertility rates and population growth. Social programs aimed at reducing poverty or inequality can also impact demographic trends by improving the economic conditions of a population.

The Takeaway. Overall, the relationship between the social sector and demography is complex and multifaceted, with each influencing and being influenced by the other in various ways.




  • Population Composition
  • Population Distribution
  • Population Change
  • Other Population Descriptions
  • Core Indicators

Social Sector

  • Education
  • Health
  • Housing
  • Social Welfare Services
  • Protective Services
  • Sports and Recreation
  • Spiritual and Cultural
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Population Composition

  • Total Population by Age Group, Sex, Urban-Rural
  • Total Population 15 Yrs. Old and Over by Sex and Employment Status
  • Population 15 Years Old and Over by Sex and type of Activity
  • Total Population by Sex and Employment Status
  • Gainful Workers 15 Yrs. by Occupation Group and Industry Group
  • Employed Persons 15 Yrs. Old and Over by Occupation Group
  • Unemployed Persons 15 yrs. Old and Over by
  • Age Group, Sex and Highest Educational Attainment

Population Distribution

  • Total population and No. of Households by Barangay
  • Population Density by Barangay
  • Gross Population Density* (Historical at least for the past 10 years)
  • Built-up Density

Population Change

  • Migration, if any/applicable
  • Residence of the population for the last 5 years
  • Population by Mother Tongue/Ethnicity
  • Historical Growth of Population (1903-latest census year)
  • Total Population per Census Year from 1903–2020
  • Projected Annual Total Population using population projection
  • Population by Age Group (yearly projection)
  • Projected Population by Barangay
  • Projected Labor Force

Other Population Descriptions

  • Total Population 10 Yrs. Old and Over by Age Group, Sex and Marital Status
  • Total Population by Mother Tongue
  • Total Population by Religious Affiliation
  • Total Population 7 Yrs. Over by Educational Attainment
  • Literacy of the Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group, Sex
  • Disabled persons by Age Group, Sex, Type of Disability

Core Indicators

  • Fertility Rate Data
  • Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
  • Crude Death Rate (CDR)
  • Annual Population Growth Rate
  • Labor Force Participation Rate by Sex
  • Unemployment Rate, Total and Sex
  • Average Family Income
  • Literacy Rate By Sex
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Social Sector

  • Education
  • Health
  • Housing
  • Social Welfare Services
  • Protective Services
  • Sports and Recreation
  • Spiritual and Cultural
Return to CONTENTS


Garza, Anyssa (PharmD). (2016, January 19). The Aging Population: The Increasing Effects on Health Care. Pharmacy Times, 82(1). Retrieved February 17, 2023, from Pharmacy Times:

Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. (2014). Guidebooks. Retrieved February 17, 2023, from Department of Human Settlements and Urban Development:

National Geographic. (n.d.). Education Resources: Demography. Retrieved February 17, 2023, from National Geographic:

Sociology Discussion. (2017). Demography: Meaning, Scope and Importance. Retrieved February 17, 2023, from Sociology Discussion:

United Nations. (n.d.). Social Development for Sustainable Development. Retrieved February 17, 2023, from United Nations:

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